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Chinese FDI annual flows to Africa, also known as OFDI (“Overseas Foreign Direct Investment”) in Chinese official reports, have been increasing steadily since From to , the number has surged from US$ 75 million in to US$ billion in 19/01/ · This is only the latest example of China’s burgeoning economic presence in Africa. Its investment there has skyrocketed in recent years from $7 billion in to $26 billion in , according to figures cited at a Wharton Africa Business Forum held Estimated Reading Time: 9 mins. 21/07/ · Chinese investment in perspective African countries make up less than 4% of China’s global trade and less than 3% of China’s global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows and stocks. Similarly, China only accounted for around 5% of global FDI into Africa in Africa is much more dependent on China for trade than for FDI. 21/07/ · Chinese investment in perspective. African countries make up less than 4% of China’s global trade and less than 3% of China’s global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows and stocks. Similarly, China only accounted for around 5% of global FDI into Africa in Africa is much more dependent on China for trade than for FDI.
The gut reaction of many rich-world companies to investing in Africa is to worry about political risk. Chinese companies, by contrast, are far more positive, says Jing Gu, director of the Centre for Rising Powers and Global Development. In general, the Chinese enthusiasm for Africa seems to be reciprocated. Despite this mutual appreciation, Chinese investment in Africa has given rise to plenty of controversy and misunderstanding.
Misconception number one, says Dollar, is that the scale of Chinese investment is overwhelming Africa. In fact, despite the rapid increase in Chinese investment in recent years, the US continues to be the leading investor country in Africa, accounting for In recent years, though, it has started to broaden out. EY research found Chinese businesses taking an active role in a wide range of sectors, from car manufacture and business services to media and telecoms.
The location of Chinese involvement is revealing. The third most commonly levelled accusation against Chinese investment in Africa is that it fails to create local jobs.
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Applying the filters below will filter all articles, data, insights and projects by the topic area you select. Not sure where to find something? Search all of the site’s content. Li visited Ethiopia, Nigeria, Angola, and Kenya, meeting with numerous heads of state to discuss the developing relationship between China and Africa. A look at recent statistics shows how rapidly the investment landscape in Africa has changed.
This indicates that investment in sectors with more significant potential environmental and social impacts— non-financial sectors such as mining and manufacturing—are rising more swiftly than the overall figures might indicate. China is investing in a variety of sectors in Africa, and reaping a significant return on investment.
More than 2, Chinese companies have invested in Africa, including in natural resource extraction, finance, infrastructure, power generation, textiles, and home appliances. Figure 2 According to McKinsey , the rate of return on foreign investment is higher in Africa than in any other developing region. Source: China-Africa Economic and Trade Cooperation White Paper. Note: This chart indicates the initial destination of OFDI, as reported by MOFCOM; the final destination is undetermined.
The increasing amount of money flowing from China to Africa and other developing countries in Asia and Latin America as well creates both challenges and opportunities.
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While hundreds of thousands of news articles have been written about this topic since , as Brautigam has pointed out, much of the information in these articles does not hold up under scrutiny. By contrast, the academic literature on Chinese investment in Africa is thin, especially in terms of rigorous empirical studies. Average annual GDP growth in 38 African countries was 4.
In fact, only seven of the 17 countries in Africa that had annual GDP growth rates above the continental average of 4. More importantly, how can Chinese engagement accelerate growth in employment and labour productivity in Africa? In new research Brautigam et al. We take a two-pronged approach to understanding this relationship. We begin by using official Chinese data to examine the patterns of Chinese engagement in Africa for the period to Importantly, we distinguish between planned and realised investments, focusing only on the latter.
We then evaluate what the available data tell us about how Chinese investment could contribute to African growth and development and compare this to the picture painted in the literature. Africa is much more dependent on China for trade than for FDI. The relatively low share of Chinese FDI in Africa, revealed by the aggregate statistics, is consistent with work showing that a significant proportion of planned Chinese investments registered with the Ministry of Commerce have not been implemented Brautigam and Xia
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Our Customer Commitments. REGISTER NOW SPONSOR. Understanding Chinese investment in African oil and gas. Oct 07 The combined investment is slated to be the fourth highest in the period from to , behind BP Plc, Royal Dutch Shell Plc and Eni SpA. SINOPEC and CNOOC are well established in Nigeria and Angola, while CNPC has a stake in the Rovuma LNG project in Mozambique. One of China’s largest trade partners is Africa’s largest oil producing nation, Nigeria.
Nigeria currently pumps 2 million barrels of oil a day and has a goal of producing 3 million barrels per day by A spokesperson from FAR has said that CNOOC will get a The Chinese oil producer can opt to become the operator of the joint venture after an upcoming offshore drilling campaign is competed. A strategic partnership with the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation NNPC The NNPC has spoken of its support for Chinese investment in Nigeria, despite the fact the region has had its fair share of problems.
In addition, there has been an arguable lack of transparency from the NNPC, which has seemingly been unable to account for its billions of dollars in revenue in recent years. The undertaking is a 1,kilometer pipeline from the Agadem oilfield in Niger to the port of Seme Terminal in Benin. It is the biggest investment in a cross-nation oil pipeline that CNPC has made in Africa and aims to further enable the transportation of crude oil from Niger to the international market, as well as promoting social and economic development in Benin.
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Lecturer of Agriculture, value chains and Environmental Sustainability, University of Zambia. Simon Manda, PhD does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. The rise of China in Africa has triggered an ongoing debate about whether Chinese capital is a barrier that entraps African governments in practices that hinder poverty reduction.
The most recent contribution to these debates is a book by a professor of sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles, Ching Kwan Lee. It interrogates Chinese state capital in relation to global private capital. She argues that the terms frequently used in the discussion about Chinese capital in Africa — such as empire building, colonialism and hegemony — are limiting. How then does Lee help us to re-frame the Chinese narratives in Africa?
Rather than focus on migrant entrepreneurs or private companies, Lee argues that the uniqueness of Chinese investment has to do with state capital. There has hardly been any critical examination of the different sorts of capital traversing Africa, related behaviour, and the actual trends and patterns of foreign direct investment stocks. Coverage of Chinese presence in Africa has been somewhat misleading.
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Thanks to billions of dollars from China, new roads, bridges, stadiums and other projects are being built all over Africa. China is also making industrial investments all over the continent, running mining and oil firms. There are certainly benefits to Chinese investment in Africa, such as improvements in infrastructure and economic development.
As economies grow, poverty decreases and populations become better educated and more politically involved, leading to better governance. For example, the Chinese have been less discerning in terms of the countries they invest in, entering countries that are tend to be less developed and often less democratic than would be acceptable for the US or other Western countries.
Whereas Western countries may pressure the countries they invest in to become more democratic or have a stronger respect for human rights, Chinese investors have not shown any interest in doing this. Instead, Chinese investment in Africa seems to be motivated solely by the prospects of Chinese economic gains. In addition, many Chinese investments also involve the use of extensive Chinese labor, which creates problems for local unemployment.
Whether Chinese investment in Africa will have predominantly negative or positive consequences in the future remains to be seen. However, it is important to note that Chinese investment in Africa will certainly increase its clout there, allowing China to have a stronger influence than the US.
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By Riccardo Crescenzi LSE and Nicola Limodio Bocconi University. Chinese foreign direct investment in Ethiopia has transformed the local economy with winners and losers among domestic firms. Firms competing in the same sector as the new foreign entrant have been depleted and competitors have been adversely affected. Conversely, suppliers to foreign firms have expanded. Overall the host economy has benefitted from significant and persistently positive long-term effects.
In this context, a special role has been played by African countries. In terms of value both flows and stocks Africa still accounts for a relatively small share of total global Chinese outward FDI. However, these investment projects have attracted significant attention due to their increasing sectoral and geographical diversification beyond natural resource seeking, as well as for their economic and geo-political implications.
The lively debate on the effects of Chinese FDI presents a wide spectrum of views. Some analysts and commentators have highlighted the growth-enhancing potential of Chinese investment, based on a generally positive view of global investment flows towards less advanced economies. In contrast, more critical views have offered a neo-colonialist interpretation of Chinese FDI, highlighting the geo-political strings attached to fresh Chinese capital injections in particular where institutions are weak and regulatory frameworks often absent.
Tensions between the USA and China have further polarised views on Chinese FDI in Africa, making it difficult to scrutinise opportunities and treats in a balanced evidence-based manner. In a recent study we have explored the impact of Chinese FDI in Ethiopia, which constitutes a large manufacturing hub in Africa and where China is heavily investing both to serve the local market and to export to other African countries and beyond.
China is currently the largest investing country in Ethiopia — accounting for
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15/08/ · Chinese investment in Africa, while less extensive than often assumed, has the potential to generate jobs and development on the continent. So much has been written about China’s economic engagement in Africa that one is often left with the impression that the Chinese are playing a major role in the development of African economies – for better or worse. 26/01/ · In a recent study we have explored the impact of Chinese FDI in Ethiopia, which constitutes a large manufacturing hub in Africa and where China is heavily investing both to serve the local market and to export to other African countries and beyond. China is currently the largest investing country in Ethiopia – accounting for % of all.
Four trends are worth watching, writes Chinwe Esimai in this opinion piece. This article reflects her personal opinions. Last March, Patrick Ho, former secretary for home affairs in Hong Kong and a Chinese national, was convicted on international bribery and money-laundering charges. According to the U. Department of Justice DOJ , Ho bribed and schemed to bribe government officials from Uganda and Chad respectively, in order to secure unfair business advantages for China Energy.
This case represents an important trend. It relates to U. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act FCPA. While historically FCPA enforcement cases involving China have focused on multinational companies based in China, this one is different. It is an example of FCPA enforcement actions involving Chinese companies doing business outside China and around the world.