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The Arms Trade Treaty Preamble The States Parties to this Treaty, Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, Recalling Article 26 of the Charter of the United Nations which seeks to promote the establishment and maintenance of international peace and security with. The Arms Trade Treaty, done at New York on April 2, , and signed by the United States on September 25, ; Date Received from President. 12/09/ Text of Treaty Document available as: TXT; PDF (3MB) Originating Organization. United Nations; Latest Senate Action. 12/09/ The text of the Arms Trade Treaty recognizes the legitimate political, security, economic, and commercial purposes of the international trade in conventional arms, as well as the legitimate trade and lawful ownership and use of certain arms for recreational, cultural, historical, and sporting activities. rows · 02/04/ · – Promoting cooperation, transparency and responsible action by States Parties in the international trade in conventional arms, thereby building confidence among States Parties. Article 2 Scope. 1. This Treaty shall apply to all conventional arms within the following categories: (a) Battle tanks; (b) Armoured combat vehicles;.
The ground-breaking Arms Trade Treaty ATT adopted in April , is the first global treaty to regulate the conventional arms trade. How does the ATT regulate the conventional weapons trade? At the heart of the ATT is the obligation on countries that have joined it to make an assessment of how the weapons they want to transfer will be used.
They must determine if the arms would commit or facilitate genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and serious human rights violations. Each state must assess if there is an overriding risk that a proposed arms export to another country will be used for or contribute to serious human rights abuses. If so, those arms must not be sent. This is the key element of the Treaty, found in Articles 6 and 7.
Other parts of the Treaty set out guidelines for states that are importing weapons, and requires importers and exporters to cooperate in sharing information necessary to make the above assessment. It also includes obligations for countries that have weapons transiting through their borders and for brokering activities. Why is it ground-breaking? The ATT is the first time that human rights and humanitarian concerns have been so deeply integrated into a global arms control agreement.
It introduces a notion of responsibility into the global arms trade that was absent before.
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The Arms Trade Treaty is the first legally-binding instrument ever negotiated in the United Nations to establish common standards for the international transfer of conventional weapons. The development of common international standards for the trade of conventional arms has been a long time in the making, with origins in the League of Nations draft convention on the arms trade which was never adopted. SIPRI Yearbook , Armaments, Disarmaments and International Security , Towards an arms trade treaty?
In the early to mids, to help counter the proliferation of conventional arms, several sets of guidelines or principles on arms transfers emerged among groups of countries, which included some of the largest arms exporters. The Permanent Five P5 members of the United Nations Security Council and Germany were the top six leading suppliers of major conventional weapons during SIPRI Yearbook , Armaments, Disarmaments and International Security , Part II: Military Spending and Armaments, , chapter 8: Transfers of major conventional weapons, table 8.
SIPRI Yearbook , Armaments, Disarmaments and International Security , Part II: Military Spending and Armaments, , chapter 8: Transfers of major conventional weapons, p. Meanwhile, in , the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms was established as the key international mechanism to promote predictability and transparency in the conventional arms trade. An International Code of Conduct on Arms Transfers developed by a group of Nobel Peace Prize laureates, led by Dr.
Oscar Arias, the former President of Costa Rica, was launched in With Western Europe as the second largest arms exporting region, World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers WMEAT , , U. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, p. Illicit trafficking was particularly an issue in Africa, Latin America, the Pacific and South-East Asia. In , a study carried out by the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC demonstrated that the unregulated availability of weapons was a major contributing factor to civilian suffering during and after armed conflicts and increased civilian casualties.
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Regulate ammunition or munitions fired, launched, or delivered by the conventional arms covered under Article 2. Regulate parts and components where the exports is in a form that provides the capability to assemble the conventional arms covered under Article 2. States Parties to the Arms Trade Treaty will establish a control system regulating the export of munitions and ammunition for arms covered under Article 2.
A national control list will be maintained by each State and will be submitted to the Secretariat, States are encouraged to make the lists public. The definitions for the weapons should not be less than the UN register of Conventional Arms. Each State Party will designate 1 or more national points of contact for the exchanging of information regarding treaty requirements. A State Party shall not authorize arms which would: violate UNSC article VII, break international treaties or arms embargoes, or if the state had knowledge at the time of authorization to be used in crimes against humanity, war crimes, genocide, grave breaks of the Geneva Convention, or attacks against civilians.
Each exporting State Party will take measures that all authorizations for conventional arms under Articles 2. They will also make available information about the authorization in question, upon request, to the importing State Party and to the transit or trans-shipment State Parties, subject to its national laws, practices, or policies. Each importing State Party shall take measures to ensure the appropriate and relevant information is provided, upon request, pursuant to its national laws, to the exporting State Party.
The importing State Party will also take measures to regulate imports under its jurisdiction of conventional arms covered under article 2. Each State Party shall maintain national records, pursuant to its national laws and regulations of its issuance of expert authorization or actual exports of conventional arms under article 2. A voluntary trust fund will be established to aid States to implement the terms of the Treaty.
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The adoption follows the failure last week of the Final United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty to reach consensus on the text at the conclusion of its two-week session. Please see annex for details of the voting. They would be obliged to assess whether the weapons they sold could be used to facilitate human rights abuses and humanitarian law violations. At the same time, the Treaty protected the rights of its signatories to regulate the buying and selling of conventional armaments, he said, as well as the primacy of national legislation in defining the conditions under which citizens could own and operate arms.
It drew a link between the presence of weapons across the developing world and the challenges of safeguarding sustainable development and human rights. For his part, Final Conference President Peter Woolcott of Australia said the fact that consensus had not been achieved should not diminish the hard work — both at the drafting Conference and since July — to bridge differences.
The final text was a compromise. It represented the broadest possible input and would make a difference to the broadest range of stakeholders, notably by setting up a forum — the conference of States parties — for transparency and accountability. The Treaty applies its constraints to the seven major categories of conventional weapons included in the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms: battle tanks, armoured combat vehicles, large calibre artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships and missiles and missile launchers — with the addition of small arms and light weapons.
Article 4 — on the parts and components capable of assembling those weapons — is treated in the same manner. If the export was not prohibited under article 6, each exporting State party, under article 7, agreed that, prior to authorization of exports, they would assess the potential that conventional arms or related items would undermine peace and security or be used to commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian or human rights law, or acts constituting terrorism or transnational organized crimes.
No nation had received everything it had sought. The Treaty was strong, balanced and implementable, many said, and provided a clear standard on which to prohibit a conventional weapons transfer.
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We have three days for this urgent task. At the moment it relies on outdated definitions from the shadow of the cold war and fails to comprehensively include ammunition, which means that we could have rules for some of the weapons — but not all , and not their ammunition. Brian Wood, Head of Arms Control at Amnesty International said: „World leaders have only three days to close the major loopholes in the draft treaty, including the obvious need to cover ammunition and all types of international transfer, not just trade.
And there are several other devils in the detail. These loopholes could easily be exploited to allow arms to be supplied to those that intend to use them to commit serious human rights violations, as the world is seeing in Syria. President Obama is the crucial decision maker in the coming days. We call on him to make this happen before Friday. Baffour Amoa, President of the West African Network on Small Arms said: Africa is really disappointed that ammunition and munitions are not specifically mentioned in the scope of the treaty and if this goes through it means that so many more lives are at risk in real conflicts on the ground and negotiators need to act now.
Join the Control Arms Campaign and call for a bullet-proof Arms Trade Treaty now. Watch: A short film about guns. Breadcrumb Home Press releases. Campaigners Reaction to Draft Arms Trade Treaty Text. Louis Belanger — louis.
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The landmark Arms Trade Treaty ATT , regulating the international trade in conventional arms — from small arms to battle tanks, combat aircraft and warships — entered into force on 24 December Working to improve lives and livelihoods around the world, the United Nations system is directly confronted with the impact of the absence of regulations or lax controls on the arms trade.
Those suffering most are civilian populations trapped in situations of armed violence in settings of both crime and conflict, often in conditions of poverty, deprivation and extreme inequality, where they are all too frequently on the receiving end of the misuse of arms by State armed and security forces, non-State armed groups and organized criminal groups. Inadequate controls on arms transfers have led to widespread availability and misuse of weapons.
One serious consequence: the disruption of life-saving humanitarian and development operations because of attacks against staff of the United Nations and other humanitarian organizations. In many areas of work, the United Nations faces serious setbacks that ultimately can be traced to the consequences of the poorly regulated arms trade. We see weapons pointed at us while maintaining international peace and security, in promoting social and economic development, supporting peacekeeping operations, peacebuilding efforts, monitoring sanctions and arms embargoes, delivering food aid or helping internally displaced persons and refugees, protecting children and civilians, promoting gender equality or fostering the rule of law.
That is why the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty is so significant for the UN system as a whole. Learn more about the Impact of Poorly Regulated Arms Transfers on the Work of the United Nations. The ATT indicates that a voluntary trust fund is to be established by States Parties for that purpose. In anticipation, the United Nations, in close cooperation with a growing number of States, has launched a trust facility to kick-start advocacy, universalisation and implementation of the ATT.
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Search Input. Jump to In This Section. Home Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs Bureau of Public Affairs Bureau of Public Affairs: Office of Press Relations Press Releases Press Releases: Press Releases: September The Arms Trade Treaty Share. Fact Sheet Office of the Spokesperson. The Arms Trade Treaty will establish a common international standard for the national regulation of the international trade in conventional arms.
The Treaty can help improve both U. In particular, countries that are party to the Treaty are required to establish national export and import controls for tanks, combat vehicles and aircraft, warships, missile and artillery systems, small arms and light weapons. This will require States Parties to establish export and import control systems closer to the high standard the United States already sets with its own national system. Joining the Arms Trade Treaty would not result in any additional U.
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ARMS TRADE TREATY TRAITE SUR LE COMMERCE DES ARMES,ll;oronop o TopronJie opymueM TRATADO SOBRE EL COMERCIO DE ARMAS. The Arms Trade Treaty matters to a broad cross-section of countries. The successful conclusion of the negotiating process on 2 April was just the first step. The humanitarian and security.
General considerations. Welcomes the conclusion under the auspices of the United Nations of a legally binding Arms Trade Treaty on international trade in conventional arms after seven years of long negotiations; recalls that the Treaty aims to establish the highest possible common international standards for regulating the international trade in conventional arms, and to prevent and eradicate the illicit trade in conventional arms for the purpose of contributing to international and regional peace, security and stability and the reduction of human suffering; believes that the effective implementation of the Treaty may significantly contribute to enhancing respect for international human rights and humanitarian law worldwide; welcomes the substantial contribution of civil society organisations from the inception to the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty;.
Stresses that the long-term success of the ATT regime depends on the participation of as many countries as possible, including and in particular all major actors in the international trade in arms; welcomes the fact that the majority of UN member states have already signed the Treaty and urges others to follow suit and to ratify it as soon as possible; calls on the European External Action Service EEAS to add to its foreign affairs objectives, as well as topics to be included in bilateral agreements, an invitation for third countries to join the ATT;.
Notes that some trade agreements include clauses which promote non-proliferation objectives and agreements with regard to weapons of mass destruction and calls, therefore, on the Commission to explore to what extent current and future trade instruments can be used to promote ratification and implementation of the ATT;. Underlines the fact that unlawful or unregulated arms transfers cause human suffering and fuel armed conflict, instability, terrorist attacks and corruption — with their corollary of undermined socio-economic development — and violations of democracy and the rule of law, human rights law and international humanitarian law;.
Regrets that technical assistance including repairs, maintenance and development, all of which has been incorporated into EU legislation on the matter, remains outside the scope of the Treaty;. Calls on the States Parties, with regard to export controls and the application of Article 6 Prohibitions and Article7 1a-iv Export and Export Assessment of the ATT, to pay greater attention to goods which may be used for both civilian and military purposes, such as surveillance technology, and similarly to spare parts and products suitable for use in cyber warfare or for non-lethal human rights abuses, and suggests exploring the possibility of extending the scope of the ATT to include arms exports-related services and dual-use goods and technology;.
Welcomes the provisions aimed at preventing the diversion of arms; notes, however, that extensive leeway is left to States Parties in determining the level of risk of arms diversion; regrets the fact that munitions and parts and components are not explicitly covered by the provisions concerned, and calls on the States Parties to remedy this in their national laws, and particularly those that are EU Member States, in accordance with the Council Common Position of ;.
Calls on the Commission and the European External Action Service to help develop binding codes of conduct for private actors involved in the trade in military goods, in line with the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights; strongly encourages the European arms industry to contribute to implementation support efforts in an open and transparent manner, including where appropriate through public-private partnerships, and to foster compliance, in particular with strengthened accountability obligations and the obligation deriving from the responsibility of preventing illegal arms transfers;.
Criteria and international standards.